Honey mushrooms in 2021 in Yekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk region) began to bear fruit in May, summer and steppe species give a good harvest. Judging by the weather and the rate of precipitation, autumn representatives will begin to grow early and abundantly. Mushrooms are valued for their taste, are suitable for any processing method, grow in large families, and are easy and quick to pick.
Types of edible mushrooms in Yekaterinburg and the Sverdlovsk region
Sverdlovsk districts are located mainly in the mountain-taiga territory. Here there are massifs of mixed species, the weather of the region is favorable for the growth of all types of mushrooms. In 2021, honey mushrooms in the Sverdlovsk region began to grow from early spring. Mushrooms are divided into several types according to the period of fruiting and habitat.
The earliest representative is the lesbian collebia. In 2021, the spring was warm, so honey mushrooms went to Yekaterinburg in mid-May. A sufficient amount of snow provided a humid environment, and the early positive temperature created favorable conditions for the abundant growth of colonies.
Wood-loving colibia is a conditionally edible representative of the mushroom kingdom. Differs in dark brown fruiting body and small size, grows in dense groups. The cap is semicircular, hygrophane, stiff, fibrous, hollow stem.
Summer kuneromyces volatile has a higher nutritional value, therefore it is in high demand. In Yekaterinburg, it is grown on an industrial scale for commercial purposes.
In its natural environment, forms families on rotting remains of linden or birch. The taste is the most pronounced among the representatives of the genus, but the fruiting period in the Sverdlovsk region is short - within 20 days.
The main rate on the yield and the duration of fruiting mushroom pickers make on the autumn representatives of the genus. In Yekaterinburg, 2021 promises a massive collection of honey agarics in early September. Warm summers with sufficient rainfall promotes early and abundant fruiting of the present honey agaric.
Honey agaric families are located on dead wood, stumps, bark and rotting roots of all tree species. Fruiting is periodic, the first wave lasts within 2 weeks, then a short break is observed, after which growth resumes, the cycle continues until the temperature drops to +7 0C.
In the fall, another species is harvested in the forests of Yekaterinburg - the honey agaric. It is located on coniferous residues covered with leaves or moss.
It differs from its counterparts in a thick short leg and a scaly surface on the cap's protective film.
There are also winter mushrooms in Yekaterinburg, in 2021 the harvest is predicted from the end of October to spring. A popular variety is flammulina velvety-footed.
Forms colonies high off the ground on willow or poplar trunks. It can be found not only in the forest, but also in the park area of the city. The fruit body is characterized by high palatability. It grows to subzero temperatures, then a dormant period sets in, after a thaw, around the beginning of February, growth resumes.
During the entire spring-autumn season, meadow honey agarics are harvested in the meadows.
Grows in rows or in a semicircle. Occupies large areas near low-growing bushes, in forest glades or pastures. In dry weather, growth stops, after rains, fruiting continues.
Where there are mushrooms in 2021 in Yekaterinburg and the region
The climate of Yekaterinburg and the ecological system of the Sverdlovsk region, which includes mixed and taiga massifs, are ideal for the mass distribution of all types of honey agarics.
Where to go for honey mushrooms near Yekaterinburg
The main directions where there are mushrooms near Yekaterinburg in 2021:
- To the settlement of Reshety, Novoalekseevskaya along the Staro-Moskovsky tract to the nearest massif.
- Forests of the city of Revda. In the same direction you can get to Degtyarsk, the landmark is the Leaky Stone Mountain.
- In the direction of Nizhniy Tagil - a stop near the village of Tavatui or Ayat, a route to the Kyrmansky rocks.
- Near the town of Kamensk-Uralsky there are mixed forests with a predominance of birches.
- Mushroom places near the settlement of Asbestos in the suburb of Sysert.
If possible, it is better to drive away from Yekaterinburg to ecologically clean areas.
Forests where honey mushrooms grow in Yekaterinburg and the region
All massifs are divided into 3 types, each includes its own district of the Sverdlovsk region. Numerous colonies of all species grow in these forests. Now there are honey mushrooms in Yekaterinburg in the Raw Forest - this is the eastern and northeastern direction, summer representatives grow here in summer, in autumn - thick-legged and common honey mushrooms. A dry forest in the west is an ideal place for late mushrooms, including winter ones. Forest-steppe is a mushroom region in the southern part of the Sverdlovsk region. All species grow here, including steppe.
Forestry and nature reserves of the Sverdlovsk region, where you can collect honey mushrooms
The main distribution at any time of the year in forest districts and reserved forests located on the territory of the Sverdlovsk region:
- Visimsky reserve;
- Srednensky Bor;
- Rezhevskaya nature reserve;
- State Natural Reserve;
- Potashkinskaya oak grove;
- Linden grove.
For winter velvety-footed flammulina, they go to the Kalininsky forest park, located within the boundaries of Yekaterinburg.
Where to collect honey mushrooms in Yekaterinburg and the Sverdlovsk region
In 2021, in Yekaterinburg and the Sverdlovsk region there are mushrooms from spring to September and later, in the following areas:
- Kamensky (southern part);
Advice! In autumn, the bulk of mushroom pickers go to the mountainous areas of the Dry Forest to the west of the Ivdel region.
When can you collect honey mushrooms in the Sverdlovsk region
Each species begins to appear at a specific time. Honey mushrooms grow in groups, therefore they give a bountiful harvest. Harvesting begins in spring, the main harvesting time is from late summer to October. Winter representatives are found before spring.
Season of spring and summer honey agarics
You can follow the forest-loving colibia when the weather is sunny and the temperature has been at around +7 for more than a week. 0C. If there is no return frost, colibia begins to grow around the beginning of May. The fruiting period lasts up to three weeks, depending on precipitation and air temperature. In dry, hot weather, it does not grow, the second wave of fruiting of the colibia begins in mid-September and continues until frost. Summer kyuneromyces volatile prefers a shaded, humid environment, appears in June.
When the collection of autumn mushrooms begins in Yekaterinburg and the region
The first sign that honey agarics have started in the Sverdlovsk region is the massive appearance of the product in the markets of all regions where forests are located. The collection of the first specimens falls on the last days of summer, mass accumulation in any part of the region where there are forests. Harvest until October.
When can you collect winter mushrooms in the Sverdlovsk region
Velvety-footed flammulina is harvested when the temperature reaches zero, frosts are recorded at night, and there are no other mushrooms in the forests. For Yekaterinburg, this is the middle or the end of October. Flammulina forms colonies until the air temperature drops (-10 0C). Fruit bodies caught in the snow fully retain their gastronomic qualities, they are also suitable for harvesting. Flammulin resumes fruiting in February, when the daytime temperature rises to above zero.
The region has rugged forest areas littered with fallen trees. Such an environment for honey agarics is ideal, but for mushroom pickers it is traumatic.
Advice! You cannot go on a "quiet hunt" alone, without a means of communication; before going into the forest, it is recommended to take a small supply of food.
For beginner mushroom pickers who do not know the trails, it is better to use the services of an experienced guide. The region has a fairly high rate of lost people who could not get out of the forest on their own.
It is not recommended to collect fruit bodies found near industrial enterprises, highways, city dumps. They accumulate carcinogens and heavy metal compounds, and can cause poisoning. They take only young, undamaged specimens, old ones are not suitable for processing.
How to find out if mushrooms have appeared in the Sverdlovsk region
The beginning of the season is determined by the temperature regime. In spring, mushrooms appear en masse at + 13-15 0C, the meadow representative bears fruit with stable precipitation and +20 0C, autumn forms at + 12-15 0C. In 2021, it is possible to determine that mushrooms have gone to the Sverdlovsk region by the regional precipitation map. If the rainy season began at the end of summer, after 10 days you can go to the forest for the harvest. Fruit bodies grow quickly, reaching maturity in 3 days, so the yield is always high.
Honey mushrooms in 2021 in Yekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk region) went early, spring was not prolonged, warm weather quickly established, winter precipitation is enough to maintain optimal humidity. The summer view also did not disappoint the mushroom pickers with the degree of yield. The mass gathering of autumn representatives is planned to begin a week earlier than September; fruiting promises to be high.