Rough gentian: photo and description

You can often find wild plants on personal plots, because they have a special appeal, and with their help you can create original flower beds. Rough gentian is popular among gardeners. In addition to its original appearance, the plant has a number of medicinal properties and is widely used in folk medicine.

Rough gentian blooms until early autumn

Description of the species

This plant belongs to the Gentian family and is a herbaceous perennial. By its external features, it immediately stands out among other species. The height of the stem reaches 30-45 cm, the leaves are paired, have an ovoid shape with a pointed tip (their length is from 5 to 7 cm). The lower veins have a rough edge.

The flowers are deep blue and bell-shaped. Plant budding lasts until August. On the gentian, fruits are tied in the form of a box with two valves, in which linear mesh seeds are formed.

Where and how does rough gentian grow

In its natural environment, this plant can be found in the Far East or in the Southeast regions of Asia. Over time, the gentian has significantly expanded its range: it grows almost everywhere, with the exception of the African continent and Antarctica.

The plant feels great in areas with rocky soil, so in gardens it can most often be seen in rockeries.

The composition and value of the plant

Most of the nutrients in this plant are contained in the rhizome. Fresh roots contain bitter glycosides that are beneficial for bowel function. They also contain bioflavonoids (they are effective in the prevention of cancer and problems with the cardiovascular system), fatty oils, sucrose, pectin substances, mucus and alkaloids.

Gentian roots are a preventive measure against diabetes

Attention! Rough gentian is a powerful source of natural ascorbic acid, which is a powerful immune-boosting agent.

Healing properties

The therapeutic properties of this plant have been known since ancient times. Today it is widely used in official medicine for the treatment of various diseases. Most often, herbal teas and various preparations are used, which include gentian extracts. They are most effective in the treatment of inflammatory processes in the joints and malfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract.

Application in traditional medicine

In folk medicine, decoctions from the roots are used to improve appetite, as a choleretic, hemostatic and anti-inflammatory agent. Rough gentian copes well with the healing of purulent wounds, eye diseases, cough, gout.

Gentian Rough helps with indigestion

In Korea and Japan, preparations based on gentian are used as an antipyretic, sorbent for food poisoning. This plant is no less useful for hypertension, cystitis, skin diseases. The Chinese use infusions and decoctions from this plant to combat influenza, nephritis, rheumatism, and potency problems.

The healing properties of the plant also interested Tibetan healers. They use gentian for attacks of neurasthenia, problems with women's health, bone tuberculosis. The Mongols give patients gentian remedies for fever, laryngitis, and tracheitis.

A few simple recipes from a plant to combat various ailments:

  1. Constipation. The infusion, which is prepared as follows, helps perfectly: 50 g of dry roots are poured into ½ l of vodka and insisted for a week. Take 20 drops / 100 ml of water (20 minutes before meals). You can also buy herbal teas from the pharmacy, which have a mild laxative effect and are not addictive.
  2. Gastritis caused by low acidity. For this, a multi-herb collection is used, consisting of mint, string, gentian, Japanese safora, three-leaf watch and flax seeds. All these components are mixed together in equal parts and placed in paper bags. To prepare the broth, you need 1 tbsp. l. collection, add boiling water to a glass and hold in a water bath for about 10 minutes. Then it is removed from the heat and infused for another 45 minutes. After filtering through cheesecloth and drinking 1/3 cup 30 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 1 month.
  3. Rheumatism and arthritis. To prepare the broth, you will need 3 tbsp. gentian and 700 ml of water. The container is placed in a water bath for 15 minutes, and then insisted for the next 2 hours. The broth is taken orally half an hour before meals, half a glass. Compresses on the joints also give a good result. They help relieve swelling, inflammation, reduce pain, and make joints more mobile.

For the preparation of broths, gentian flowers are also used. They help with breast pathologies, amenorrhea, hepatitis. Baths eliminate excessive sweating of the feet and kill unpleasant odors. An infusion of gentian root or herbal tea can easily help solve the problem of constipation.

Limitations and contraindications

Any medicinal plant can both benefit and harm.

You should not use rough gentian in the following cases:

  1. Individual intolerance to any of the substances in the gentian composition. This can lead to a severe allergic reaction.
  2. Arterial hypertension.
  3. Peptic ulcer (gentian increases acidity, which will lead to an exacerbation of the disease).
  4. During pregnancy and lactation.

Decoctions and infusions of rough gentian are not recommended for children


Rough gentian has a number of useful properties and allows you to cope with various ailments. With proper use, you can improve metabolic processes, restore normal bowel function, relieve inflammation and strengthen the body. You can buy teas and teas at any homeopathic pharmacy or prepare them yourself. To do this, you need to prepare raw materials in advance.

Plants that have reached the age of three are of the greatest value. Their rhizomes are dug up, washed, and then placed in special dryers (temperature from + 45 to + 60 ° C). Before using gentian, you should consult with an experienced homeopath or your doctor.

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