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Currant has always been one of the most popular berry varieties, and the variety of varieties available provides a choice in relation to local conditions. Currant Dachnitsa is one of the successful hybrids, as evidenced by the description of the variety, photos and reviews.
The Dachnitsa variety was obtained by Siberian breeders by crossing two varieties with similar characteristics, and zoned for cultivation in the Volga-Vyatka region and in the north-west of the country.
Characteristics of the variety
Currant Dachnitsa gives low compact bushes of medium thickening with green, non-pubescent shoots. Lignified branches become grayish brown. Green five-lobed leaves are slightly cast in bronze. Each bush is capable of producing up to 1.5 kg of ripe berries. Despite the early ripening, the harvest is removed in several steps, which allows you to have fresh berries before later varieties appear.
Currant Black Dachnitsa gives large berries weighing from 2 to 5 g are characterized by:
- round-oval shape;
- delicate, thin skin;
- dark blue, almost black, color;
- fragrant sweet pulp - their sugar content is 9.3%;
- high tasting score - 4.6 points out of 5;
- early maturity - fruiting begins in the third year after planting;
- early ripeness - in June you can harvest the first crop of currants;
- versatility of application;
- frost resistance;
- good yield.
Important! The Dachnitsa hybrid is distinguished by good self-fertility, however, the addition of other varieties of currants for pollination provides higher and more stable yields.
Currant Dachnitsa, as evidenced by the description of the variety, also has minor drawbacks - under the weight of the berries, the bushes bend strongly, and overripe fruits crumble.
When planting currants, it is important to choose the right site. It should be open and well lit. A little shading does not prevent the bushes from developing, if you do not overdo it with it. Currants grow well on fertile loose soils, light loams are the best choice. However, with proper care, you can grow it on poorer soils. They are preliminarily enriched with humus and mineral fertilizers, and acidic soils are limed.
You should not plant young seedlings of the Dachnitsa variety on the site where currants and gooseberries grew before, since the soil depletes over time, and harmful substances accumulate in it. Since the summer resident currant is moisture-loving, low-lying areas protected from the winds will be a good option. But there should be no stagnation of water, otherwise the plants will die.
The area chosen for the currant must be leveled and dug up, thoroughly clearing it of weeds. Wells 40 cm deep are placed at a distance of one and a half meters to provide each bush with an optimal feeding area. The pits are three-quarters filled with a mixture of fertile soil with complex fertilizer. You can plant black currant Dachnitsa in the spring, but seedlings take root faster and develop better in autumn, around mid-October. During the winter months, the soil around the seedlings will settle, compact well, and from spring the bushes will grow.
After planting, currant seedlings are abundantly watered and mulched. The root system of currants is located close to the surface of the soil, so you need to provide it with sufficient moisture. Mulching helps to preserve it, thereby reducing the frequency of watering.
Reviews of summer residents indicate that the currant of the Dachnitsa variety reproduces well vegetatively - with the help of layering, cuttings or dividing the bush.
Cuttings can be cut from woody or green shoots. You can start harvesting them at the beginning of autumn. Young green cuttings of the current year take root especially well. A well-ripened shoot is cut into cuttings 20 cm long. In this case, the sections should be oblique. They are deepened into the soil in an inclined state, leaving 2-3 buds above the surface. If you follow the care recommendations, they quickly take root and by next spring they will be ready for replanting to a permanent place.
Rooting by layering
When propagating a variety of currants, Summer resident by layering, gardeners' reviews recommend choosing a healthy mother bush, characterized by higher fruiting and large berries. The procedure should be carried out in the spring, before the leaves appear:
By about the middle of autumn, the rooted layers can be dug out. They are carefully cut into pieces and planted in a permanent place, as shown by the description of the variety and photo of the Dachnitsa currant.
Dividing the bush
When currants are propagated by cuttings or layering, it quickly takes root and begins to bear fruit. The division of the bush is usually done during the autumn or spring transplantation of currants to a new site. The bush is completely dug up and lightly shaken off the ground. By carefully examining the entire bush, you can determine the places where it will be easier to divide it into parts. Each of the parts must have strong shoots and developed roots.
At the same time, you need to remove all old or damaged shoots and roots, and young branches should be cut to 20 cm. Parts of the plant are planted in a new place, in pre-prepared holes and watered abundantly. New bushes will begin to bear fruit only after a year, when they recover from the stress received.
The rules for caring for black currant Summer resident according to the description are quite simple and consist in carrying out timely procedures for watering, pruning, and preventive treatments.
Systematic pruning of black currants allows you to maintain the stability of yields and increases the time of fruiting. It is necessary:
- to stimulate the growth of young shoots;
- removal of old diseased branches;
- pruning of five-year-old shoots, no longer bearing fruit, but consuming nutrients and water;
- sufficient aeration of the bush and exclusion of the likelihood of fungal diseases, the formation of shoots of different ages.
Pruning should be carried out starting from the first year after planting currants, during a period when there is no sap flow - in late autumn or early spring. It should be borne in mind that the black currant Dachnitsa, according to reviews, does not form tall and spreading bushes. In order to get a voluminous bush, after planting, cut off all the shoots, leaving 3-4 buds on them.
The next year, of the numerous young branches, several of the strongest are left, which do not interfere with each other. At the beginning of summer, their tops are pinched to form new lateral shoots. Further pruning consists of:
- in the removal of dried or diseased branches;
- elimination of thickening by pruning excess shoots;
- pinching annual shoots;
- shortening 2-3-year-old shoots to 4 buds.
Important! After pruning, you need to process all the cuts with a garden pitch.
Organization of watering
The lack of moisture negatively affects the development of currant bushes of the Dachnitsa variety:
- they slow down their growth;
- fruits become smaller;
- the yield is decreasing;
- bushes can freeze in winter.
The root system of the currant is located close to the surface, so it needs moisture, especially during active development:
- during the flowering period;
- ovary formation;
- ripening of fruits;
- after harvest, before wintering.
During dry seasons, currants need to be watered abundantly every week - up to 2 buckets per bush. It is better to pour water into circular grooves dug at a distance of 20-30 cm from the stem. On hot days, it is advised to spray the Dachnitsa currant leaves with water.
The Dachnitsa variety is quite resistant to powdery mildew and some pests, however, without preventive treatments, the entire crop may be lost. To resist their negative impact, you need:
- conduct regular inspection of the bushes and remove all affected parts of plants - leaves, buds, twigs, with their subsequent destruction;
- in early spring, before the soil thaws to the end, a hot pouring of the bushes from a watering can is useful - it will destroy the pests under the bush and protect against powdery mildew;
- during bud break, treat the bushes with Bordeaux liquid;
- spray with tobacco infusion before flowering;
- against aphids, treatment with soap solutions with ash or dry mustard will help.
Reviews of gardeners and summer residents
Kupelnikova Nadezhda, 45 years old, Nizhny Novgorod
We have long liked the Dachnitsa currant for its wonderful dessert taste and healing properties. The variety is self-pollinated, but we plant several bushes of other varieties nearby. As a result, we get larger berries and a good harvest. It is good to use currants in any form - in summer there are always fresh berries on the table, and for the winter we prepare jam. Excellent variety.
Shapovalov Igor, 67 years old, Kirov
Currant Summer resident perfectly took root in our area and gives good yields. The variety responds excellently to feeding and timely watering. I do a formative pruning every fall to ensure that the bushes are breathable. I have already planted cuttings from the first plants.
Grishina Maria, 54 years old, Belozersk
The currant of the Dachnitsa variety is a real find for our climatic conditions, thanks to the early ripening of the berries, they have time to gain sweetness. Currants are unpretentious in care - the usual rules of agricultural technology are enough. The fruits are universal in use - for the winter we prepare preserves, jams, freeze berries. And we use currant leaves as a fragrant addition to tea.
Kroshkin Valentin, 70 years old, Vladimir
Three years ago I bought one bush of currant Dachnitsa, I really liked its taste. Last year, I cut cuttings from him, and they took root perfectly. This year they have given a good harvest. I think this is a very successful variety.
The Dachnitsa currant variety is rapidly gaining popularity due to its merits and spreads far beyond Siberia, where it was bred.