In order not to wonder why a pear does not bear fruit, if the fruiting age has come, you need to find out everything about this culture before planting in your summer cottage. There are many reasons for the delay in the harvest, but all of them can be eliminated by agrotechnical methods.
At what age does the tree begin to bear fruit
Some gardeners classify the pear as a capricious tree. Others do not see anything special in its cultivation and do not consider it finicky. In order for a pear to give a rich harvest of juicy tasty fruits, you need to at least plant the variety that was bred for this climatic region on your site.
If the variety is southern, then it will be difficult to get from it in the Northern region what it gives in the Southern one. In this case, the pear can be called capricious. For northern climatic conditions, you need to select the appropriate varieties of pears, adapted for a cool short summer.
After planting a seedling, for the first 2-3 years, it does not ovary and does not bear fruit. And that's okay. The tree strengthens its root system for later life. If during these years it began to bloom, then the ovary must be removed so that the tree spends all its strength on the growth and strengthening of the roots.
Important! Different varieties of pears have their own age for fruiting.
It is considered normal among gardeners if the tree began to bloom and bear fruit for 4-6 years. There are pears that begin to bear fruit in 10-15 years. Of the most famous varieties, on average, in the Russian region in terms of fruiting age, the following can be distinguished:
- after 3-4 years, varieties of Pamyat Yakovlev, Moskvichka begin to bear fruit;
- 4-5 years must pass after planting so that you can taste the Patriotic pear, Larinskaya, Krasnobokaya;
- 5-6 years are needed for Leningrad and Beauty for the arrival of their age for flowering and fruiting;
- it will take about 10 years for the varieties Josephine and Bereslutskaya to mature, and only then will pears appear.
In any case, if the pear does not bloom for 7 years after planting the seedling, you should think about it and try to find out the reason.
Why pear doesn't bloom
The main reason for the absence of fruits on the tree is that the tree simply does not bloom, therefore, there are no ovaries and there will be no fruits. But the reasons why the pear does not bloom need to be clarified, since there are many of them.
The first thing that people pay attention to when buying seedlings is after how many years flowering and fruiting begins in a given pear variety. In different varieties, the fruits begin to ripen at different ages. There are trees that are expected to harvest for 15-20 years.
If a young pear turned out to be just like this and does not bear fruit due to its varietal characteristics, then you can graft a variety with a short fruiting age on the tree and get fruits earlier. Or, conversely, graft a pear to a quince, and it will bloom and bear fruit earlier.
Dichka does not bear fruit for a long time. Therefore, when buying a seedling, they carefully examine it, determine whether it is a wild bush or varietal. In a varietal pear, the trunk should not be smooth at the bottom. There should be a vaccination site just above the root collar, it is clearly visible.
Lack of sunlight
Probably, it would be more correct to attribute the pear to the southern crops, since its winter hardiness is low and it requires a lot of sunlight to ripen a rich harvest. As gardeners note, the plant should receive at least 6 hours a day of direct sunlight. Planted in the shade or even partial shade, a pear will not bear fruit for 5 years or more until the branches stretch up to get enough sun.
The composition of the soil in which a tree grows has a great influence on its condition and its ability to produce crops. Light, slightly moistened soil with neutral acidity is considered favorable soil.
With a lack of nutrients, all processes in the tree slow down, it may not even bloom, and if it blooms, the ovaries will quickly fall off. The missing substances must be replenished.
You do not need to add a lot of nitrogenous fertilizers at once. Otherwise, the pear will bush strongly, grow, and will not bear fruit. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied in the spring in such an amount that they are already consumed by about the middle of summer.
Potash and phosphorus fertilizers will be useful for the ripening of flower buds. They need to feed the pear during the ripening of the fruit. Granular potassium-phosphorus additives are introduced to a depth of 20-25 cm in the near-stem circle and covered with earth.
Advice! To make the right decision about feeding the pear, you need to hand over a soil sample for analysis to the laboratory. And according to the results, it remains to add the missing elements to create a chemically useful composition.
The ability to flower and bear fruit can be affected by planting carried out without following the necessary rules. During planting, special attention is paid to the location of the root collar - the place where the trunk passes into the roots. It should be level with the ground, not too deep or raised high.
In the first case, if the planting was done recently, the whole pear is lifted with a shovel and soil is poured under the roots or the earth is shoved away from the trunk so that the root collar is higher. In the second case, add soil along the near-trunk circle to cover the roots, and they did not freeze with the onset of cold weather.
You should also know that when planting, one-year-old seedlings are easier to transplant, take root faster and come into age when they begin to bloom and bear fruit. Two-year-olds are sick longer and the ripening time of fruits in them may come later than in planted one-year-olds.
Another important point that you should pay attention to when planting seedlings is their orientation to the cardinal points. To make the seedling feel more confident, it is planted the way it grew in the nursery: the southern side of the bush in a new place should again look south.
A pear can have a dense crown, which will prevent it from fully blooming and bearing fruit. Therefore, pruning is done annually to thin it out. The branches extending from the trunk at an acute angle upward are tilted to a horizontal position, fixed with a load or loop. And those that grow inside the crown are removed. This thinning does not have to be strong. Otherwise, a young pear will recover for a long time, it will not bloom and bear fruit.
When doing pruning, you need to know which branches to remove. The pear produces a harvest every year. In one year, some branches bear fruit, in another year they rest, and pears ripen on the neighboring ones. Improper pruning can result in no harvest this year.
Pruning cannot be a reason for columnar pears if they do not bear fruit, as this variety does not need pruning.
Freezing in winter
Many varieties of pears are not frost resistant. If the snow has not yet fallen and has not covered the ground, and the frosts are already reaching -100C ... -200C, then the roots of the tree may freeze. This will cause the pear to stop blooming and, consequently, bear fruit.
If a severe frost is expected before snowfall, then the roots, if possible for the winter, are insulated with improvised means: mulch the area around the trunk with a diameter of the crown, lay spruce branches, peat, straw on top. The lower part of the trunk is wrapped with insulating building material, burlap, plastic.
There are times when the bark cracks due to winter frosts or rodents eat it. With the arrival of spring, before the start of sap flow, you need to cover the wounds with garden pitch or clay and wrap with a cloth.
The close occurrence of groundwater can make the soil so moist that the roots of the pear bush will begin to get wet and rot. The pear will spend energy and nutrients to restore the normal functioning of the root system. As a result, it will bear little fruit, bloom slightly, the formation of ovaries will decrease or stop altogether.
Groundwater can deplete the soil, washing out the minerals necessary for the pear. Therefore, you need to plant the culture in a loose, well-drained area.
Diseases and pests
Various insect pests and fungal diseases can prevent the pear from blooming and, accordingly, deprive it of its ability to bear fruit. With the arrival of spring, the apple blossom beetle can attack the pear, destroying its flowers. The pear beetle (leaf beetle) affects the kidneys and is a carrier of a fungal disease that can affect the entire tree. It actively feeds on the fruit pulp of the moth and other insects.
Therefore, even before the snow melts, it is recommended to impose glue belts on the trunk and, before flowering, carry out preventive spraying of trees with drugs such as:
- karbofos and chlorophos.
How to stimulate pear flowering
The work of gardeners with fruit trees is aimed at obtaining the harvest. First of all, they create favorable conditions for the growth of the pear, its ability to bloom and bear fruit luxuriantly.
In addition, experts carry out some additional manipulations to stimulate the pear to bloom:
- regular thinning of the crown;
- bending branches to a horizontal position;
- trimming the top of the trunk to stop upward growth.
Warning! Experienced gardeners do not recommend overusing the strong bending of the branches. This action leads to the cessation of pear growth and branching of the root system. As a result, premature aging occurs and the life of the tree is reduced to 15 years.
If the pear bushes abundantly, has all favorable conditions for growth, but does not bear fruit or does not even bloom, then some gardeners suggest creating a stressful situation that would stimulate the pear to flowering and fruiting. One of these methods is to drive a couple of nails into the trunk.
So that the outflow of nutrients does not go to the roots, a bark ring up to 0.5-1 cm wide is removed on one of the branches. Then the wound is coated with garden varnish or tied with a film. It is believed that the movement of juices down the branch will slow down, and the pear will begin to bloom and bear fruit.
How to stimulate a pear is up to the gardener, but he must provide it with the necessary living conditions if he wants to get a good harvest.
Why the pear blooms, but does not bear fruit
The pear is not a self-fertile plant. If only one pear variety grows in the garden, the reason that it does not bear fruit, although it blooms, is obvious. For pollination of flowers, at least one more pear variety is needed. This must be taken into account when buying a seedling and immediately purchase 2 different varieties for your garden.
Sometimes it happens that spring has already come, everything in the garden has bloomed, and then the frost has returned. It is very difficult to deal with recurrent frosts, which ruin future crops.
Attention! If the region has a cold climate, then it is better to plant autumn and winter varieties on the site, which bloom late. In this case, the probability of harvest dying from return frosts is small.
What to do if a pear blossoms but does not bear fruit
In the spring, at a certain time, the pear begins to bloom magnificently, filling the garden with a pleasant aroma. But it may turn out that the long-awaited harvest from her did not wait. To prevent this from happening, you need to take measures in advance to help the fruit tree:
- If there is only one pear variety in the garden, then the reason for not ripening the fruits is the lack of pollination. It is recommended to plant another variety at a distance of 3-4 m. They must have the same flowering time. Or graft a different kind of branch into the pear. Then the pollination of the pear flowers will be ensured.
- In the spring, you should pay attention to the weather conditions. It may turn out that the early arrival of heat will provoke early flowering of the pear. And then the cold will come again and destroy the fruit buds. Gardeners are trying to save the flowering and smoke the tree. But that doesn't always help.
These two reasons can deprive the pear of fruit if all other requirements of the fruit tree are met. Therefore, you must first of all take them into account if the tree blooms, but does not bear fruit.
Having decided to once plant a pear on the site, you should create conditions under which it will grow, bloom and delight with its delicious fruits. We list the necessary measures for caring for a pear:
- the correct choice of soil without close groundwater;
- sufficient sunlight;
- lack of drafts and strong winds;
- timely watering and fertilizing with fertilizers;
- pruning and shaping the crown according to the rules;
- the presence of a pollinator on the site;
- spraying against pests and fungal diseases;
- prevention of death from frost.
All these actions are normal and natural for growing a fruit tree and do not contain anything special that may be beyond the power of a novice amateur gardener.
The considered list of reasons why a pear does not bear fruit during its fruiting period and sometimes does not even bloom, leads to the conclusion that the expected result can be obtained after observing the elementary rules of agricultural technology. The decisive factor for a pear tree is the correct choice of a variety for a specific climatic region.