perennials are often used to decorate fences, walls of outbuildings and houses, as well as gazebos. The gazebo, tightly entwined with ornamental greenery, will be an excellent place for privacy or a lavish celebration of a noisy company. The greenery will hide everything that happens inside the gazebo from prying eyes, make the atmosphere cozy, and the design itself is original and beautiful. If you wish, you can pick up various perennial climbing plants for the gazebo, descriptions, photos and names of the most popular species are given below.
Criterias of choice
A huge number of different types of climbing perennial plants makes the gardener think about how to choose the best option for gardening a gazebo. Of course, the primary selection criterion is the decorativeness of the plant. It is also worth emphasizing that perennial plants must be winter-hardy. This will allow, with the arrival of spring, not to worry about the safety and restoration of plantings. The relative unpretentiousness of climbing plants is also important for gardeners who do not want to spend a lot of time and effort caring for them.
All climbing perennials can be roughly divided into evergreen, flowering and fruiting. Moreover, the fruits of some vines are not only edible, but also have an excellent taste and a complex of vitamins.
Evergreen climbing perennials
A gazebo, shrouded in greenery, can always become the highlight of the garden. She personifies the freshness and strength of nature. The absence of lush flowers will not allow the gazebo to "displace" the existing flowering flower beds from the general home design, only emphasizing their beauty.
Among evergreen climbing plants, ivy is most often used to decorate gazebos and fences. Its advantage is its unpretentiousness and high frost resistance. The length of the plant can reach 30 m. Additional shoots and adventitious roots are massively formed on its main stems. They firmly cling to the existing supports, lifting the greenery up.
There are 16 different types of ivy, but common ivy is most often grown in Russia, since it has exceptional winter hardiness. In the central part of Russia, it can not be prepared for winter at all, without fear of freezing. In the northern regions, the plant must be removed from the support and covered with spruce branches for the winter. Common ivy can be grown in lowlands and rocky soils. The plant is unpretentious in care. The leaves of common ivy are carved, have a dense skin and a shiny glossy surface.
Important! All varieties of ivy are poisonous.
To decorate gazebos, ivy must be planted around the perimeter of the building. Within 2-3 years, climbing plants will cover the entire required area.
This curly perennial has high decorative qualities. Its leaves in the summer season are painted in the usual green color, but with the arrival of autumn, their color becomes bright red, which allows you to bring colors to an already extinct garden. The length of the shoots of maiden grapes reaches 20 m. The plant is able to crawl up the support or gracefully hang from top to bottom. Curly perennial with its large leaves densely covers the surface of the gazebo, protecting the interior space from drafts and summer heat.
Maiden grapes are especially popular with Russian gardeners. This is primarily due to its high resistance to freezing. In addition, the climbing perennial is very unpretentious to growing conditions. A small piece of land is enough for him to build up abundant green mass. During the growing period, the plant does not require regular feeding, it is enough to apply fertilizer to the hole when planting it.
With the help of this perennial, it is easy and simple to decorate the gazebo with your own hands. To do this, you need to plant plants around the perimeter of the building. A fast-growing perennial, its vines grow by an average of 3 meters per year, which means that already 2 years after planting, you can count on the entire surface of the gazebo to be tightly entwined with beautiful foliage.
Important! Maiden grapes bloom every season with small flowers, which eventually turn into poisonous berries.
When such fruits are eaten, the mucous tissues of a person get burned.
This perennial climbing plant is known to many gardeners. Its feature is the rapid growth of shoots, the height of which reaches 7 m. This height is quite enough to cover the arbor walls and roof.
Important! Hops are not a very creeping perennial plant, which is why it needs to be helped to climb up, twisting young shoots around the supports.
Common hop has good winter hardiness, however, its disadvantage is demanding care and susceptibility to various diseases. So, once every 2 months, climbing perennial plants need to be fed with mineral or organic fertilizers. The enemy of hops is powdery mildew, which appears as a gray or white bloom on the inner surface of the leaf.
This curly perennial blooms every year. Its female inflorescences are small lumps of light green color. Male inflorescences are represented by unsightly white flowers.
Important! Hop cones are used in medicine and brewing.
These perennial climbing plants are great for decorating gazebos with your own hands. It is not at all difficult to plant them around the perimeter of the building, 1 seedling for every 80 cm of the perimeter. They are unpretentious to care for and do not require shelter for the winter.
Beautiful curly vines with lush flowers always attract the attention of passers-by. Climbing plants can be used to create the flower walls of the gazebo. A structure entwined with such perennials will become a decoration of a green garden.
This climbing plant is a leafy vine. Its length can reach 20 m. Inflorescences are formed on the shoots of a perennial plant, up to 30 cm long. A feature of wisteria is the duration of flowering: inflorescences are formed in early spring, simultaneously with the appearance of leaves and continue their flowering until autumn. Along the entire length of the inflorescences, bright small flowers bloom in large quantities at the same time. Their color, depending on the variety, can be varied: white, pink, blue, lilac. You can see all the fantastic beauty of these stunning perennial plants in the photo.
Wisteria is considered a rather whimsical climbing plant that requires moderate watering, regular feeding and a lot of light. Vine hardiness is also not too high. Without shelter, wisteria can only withstand short-term frosts at -200C. In the harsh climatic conditions of Russia, wisteria must be covered with burlap and coniferous spruce branches for the winter.
Pruning is of particular importance when growing this climbing perennial. Each year in the spring, vines are pruned, leaving only 30 cm of last year's shoots. This will allow the perennial to bloom profusely every year on old and new shoots. In autumn, after the end of flowering, wisteria is also cut into 2-3 buds for a better bookmark of flower buds.
Important! The value of wisteria lies in its abundant and lush flowering.
Clematis are known to many gardeners. They can decorate the surface of any gazebo with lush flowers. The genus of clematis includes many varieties and hybrids. They differ in size, terry, flower color, flowering period. Each type of perennial plant needs certain growing conditions. In particular, this applies to pruning. So, clematis, blooming on the shoots of last year, are slightly pruned once every few years. Plants that form flowers only on young shoots are pruned every season, leaving petioles of 20-30 cm.If a perennial climbing plant forms flowers on last year's and new shoots, then it must be pruned every time in the fall, leaving 1-1.5 m shoots.
Growing perennial clematis requires a lot of care and attention. The developed root system of a climbing plant requires a lot of moisture and a sufficient amount of fertilizer. After cutting the plants for the winter, clematis shoots must be covered with burlap and spruce branches to prevent freezing.
Important! Perennial curly clematis can withstand frosts without shelter up to -60C.
You can also decorate gazebos in the garden with climbing roses. These luxurious perennial plants give a greater growth of shoots every year, which allows you to quickly create "living" walls of the structure. Perennials are distinguished by their whimsicality, but their charm falls in love with many gardeners, which is why you can so often see arches and gazebos entwined with this plant in gardens.
Important! Climbing roses do not cling to the support on their own, so they need to be tied up.
Climbing perennial roses are demanding on the composition of the soil. When planting them, several kilograms of manure should be added to the soil and, as the plants grow, additional nitrogen fertilizers should be added to the soil.
The cold resistance of perennial climbing roses is relatively low, so every autumn the shoots must be removed from the supports and covered to prevent freezing. Long whips of roses need to be pruned in spring and autumn. Such care of plants is quite troublesome, however, the beauty of the gazebos decorated with climbing roses is worth it.
You can learn more about how to grow beautiful perennial climbing roses by watching the video:
"Blooming" gazebos always look beautiful and romantic, however, it takes a lot of time and effort to create them. That is why this decoration option is more suitable for caring and diligent gardeners.
Green arbors "tasteful"
Among the frost-resistant climbing perennial plants, there are those that will not only bring aesthetic pleasure and serve as the walls of the gazebo, but will also delight you with a harvest of delicious berries. The vineyard and actinidia can be referred to the category of such climbing perennial plants for the gazebo.
Making a canopy or gazebo from grapes with your own hands is not at all difficult. To do this, you need to build a reliable frame and plant a vine at its foot. For decorating gazebos, the Amursky black-fruited variety or the Russian Concord green grapes are excellent. The grape variety "Brant" is highly resistant to frost and can also be used to decorate gazebos.
A vivid example of how to design a structure using this plant can be seen in the video:
A grape gazebo will delight you with a good harvest only with proper care for perennial plants, which includes regular watering and feeding. The rules for pruning and covering the vine depend on the cultivated variety.
These unique perennials are climbing lianas, whose fruits are edible, resembling kiwi in appearance and taste. At the same time, the plants are winter-hardy, which means that they can be successfully grown in the domestic open spaces. Planted around the perimeter of the gazebo, actinidia very quickly cover the free space, and in a few years the length of perennial plants will reach 30 m.
Actinidia are dioecious perennial plants. For fruiting in the immediate vicinity, it is necessary to plant a female and male liana at once. It is worth noting that actinidia "Adam" is an excellent variety of the male flowering type. Its leaves are variegated: a green leaf blade with a bright pink tip. This feature adds even more decorative effect to the perennial climbing plant.
Thus, for decorating gazebos, it is better to use perennial climbing plants, which in a few years will gain sufficient height and form dense walls. Annual plants for the season will not be able to give such a result. The listed species of climbing perennials are the most common in Russia. They can be grown in the southern, central and northern part of the country, however, in order to prevent freezing in winter, some types of plants still need to be covered. When growing "living" walls of the gazebo, you should always remember about the rules of caring for a perennial plant, because otherwise, all the efforts and efforts aimed at decorating the structure can be wasted.