White astilba belongs to the Saxifrage family. The homeland of the plant is considered to be Japan and North America. In total, more than 400 flower varieties are distinguished.
Benefits of growing white astilba
Astilba is one of the plants that can decorate not only a flower garden, but also a garden, lawn and even a pond.
- most often, astilba blooms from mid-summer, but some varieties form an ovary in the spring or in the last summer months, which allows you to create continuously flowering flower beds;
- Astilba varieties with white flowers can be both sun-loving and shade-loving;
- the plant is very unpretentious, grows safely in one place for up to 5 years without transplanting, and with proper care, it remains viable for up to 10 years.
One of the main advantages of astilba is its decorative appearance and good compatibility with other flowers and conifers.
Types and varieties of white astilba
A wide variety of flower varieties allows you to choose a plant to suit your taste. The height of the astilbe varies from 10 to 200 mm. If the variety is dwarf, then it grows up to 30 cm, undersized representatives of the Kamnelomkovy family - up to 50 cm, and tall white astilbe stretches up to 2 m.
All varieties of inflorescences can be of two types: paniculate or pyramidal, as well as drooping or diamond-shaped.
This variety of white astilba grows up to 80 cm in height and 40-60 cm in diameter. Its stems are thin, but strong enough, branching. A large number of leaf plates of a brownish-green color are attached to them.
The flowers are simple, small, up to 1 cm in size. All of them are collected in large, up to 30 cm long, pyramidal white inflorescences. The aroma of the flowers is similar to bird cherry.
The buds open in June and continue to bloom for 2 weeks. Brautschleier favors fertile, well-drained soil. The plant has good immunity, is resistant to garden pests and various diseases.
When choosing a place on the site, it is recommended to plant the variety in partial shade, for the winter the plant needs shelter
The crop was acquired by the Arends breeder in the 20th century. The height of the perennial is no more than 70 cm. The root system is powerful, presented in the form of cord-like roots.
In June-July, diamond-shaped flower stalks bloom. They are 25 cm long and 12 cm in diameter.
Important! In the first week after the blooming of the buds, the petals are white, but gradually they become yellowish.
The leaf plates of the Weisse Gloria variety are capable of changing color: at first they are light green in color with a shiny surface, gradually darken, acquire a brown border and brown spots. Despite the fact that the shrub is undersized, its leaves are large, grow up to 50 cm in length, so the plant visually looks sprawling.
The inflorescences die off in August, but the shrub continues to decorate the garden thanks to the ornamental leaves.
Vision in white
This variety of white astilba has very strong and branched branches covered with dark green foliage with a bronze tint. Plant height does not exceed 45 cm.
The leaf plates are complex: tripartite, with veins on both sides, covered along the edge with small reddish hairs. At the roots, the leaves are large, on smaller stems and on short petioles.
The flowers are small, form dense and large inflorescences up to 30-35 cm long. Buds appear from June and remain on the branches until early August.
The Vision in White variety is used not only to decorate the garden, but also to compose bouquet arrangements or applications.
The variety was bred by E. Lemoine. The height of the flower reaches 60 cm. The leaf plates are green with a brown tint, up to 40 cm long. The inflorescence is formed from small flowers, of medium density, pyramidal in shape, up to 18 cm long. The petals are white. The flower smells pleasantly.
Early bloom: begins in the last week of June and lasts for 20 days
The height of the plant, together with the buds, reaches 60 cm. The leaf plates are complex, feather-like, dark green in color. In spring, during blooming, they are bronze-brown in color.
The flowers are small, white with a pink tint, form inflorescences in a rhombic shape, appear in July.
Bronzelaub white astilba is recommended to be planted in a thin shade or in an area where it can be organized on hot days. The shrub grows safely near water bodies or in places with high humidity, giving preference to loose and nutritious soil.
Astilbe is recommended to be used as landscaping of the site, planting in a monogroup or alone
This variety of white astilba grows up to 50-70 cm in height, has strong stems with fern-like deciduous plates. The buds are white, with a creamy shade, appear from the end of June and continue to bloom until August.
The optimal planting site is a sparse shade. The variety is resistant to low temperatures, but does not tolerate dry weather.
It is preferable to plant white astilba near a reservoir in order to provide it with sufficient air humidity.
White Astilba is a graceful plant with thin, white inflorescences attached to drooping shoots. The leaf plates are small, with carved edges, and have a dark green color.
The flowers are close to each other, so from the side it seems that the inflorescence is covered with frost. The duration of bud formation is July-August.
Young shoots of the Younique White variety are reddish in color, but gradually turn green. The shrub tolerates winter frosts well under cover. If you do not provide the root system with protection before the onset of cold weather, then there is a possibility of plant death.
To extend the flowering period, it is recommended to plant white astilba in an area where there is afternoon shade.
White astilbe grows up to 90-120 cm. The leaf plates are green at first, then turn brown at the edges.
Abundant flowering, very fragrant buds, collected in large, up to 25 cm in length, paniculate inflorescences. In diameter, the peduncle reaches 18 cm.The color of the petals is yellowish-white.
Buds appear from mid-July, flowering continues for 2 weeks
The shrub reaches 90 cm in height, 40-50 cm in diameter. The branches of the Diamant variety are strong, with complex-pinnate, leafy plates, of a dark green hue.
The flowers of the white astilbe are not large, up to 0.5 cm in diameter. They are collected in paniculate inflorescences. Their color is white, gardeners note a pleasant aroma.
The buds open in June and begin to wither in September. Inflorescences can be used to create flower arrangements, collect bouquets.
The variety is winter-hardy, demanding on moisture. The variety has good resistance to pests and diseases.
Important! If you plant the Diamant variety in an area with good lighting, then the buds will wither ahead of time, so it is preferable to place the bush in partial shade.
White astilba is suitable for growing in central Russia, in more northern regions it needs shelter for the winter
This variety of white astilba is known among gardeners for its fragrant pleasant aroma.
The perennial is undersized, its height is 45-60 cm, and the width is 60-90 cm. Leaves are compound, they are found twice or three times pinnate, with a glossy surface. Their edges are subulate-toothed.
Inflorescences are fluffy, collected from small flowers. The rhizome is woody, very powerful. White Astilba has a long flowering period: from July to October. Large, beautiful buds form on shrubs planted in shaded areas.
Avalanche is capable of thriving in full shade, but buds will form in small numbers and wither faster.
Professor vander wielen
This variety of white astilba is tall, capable of growing up to 1 m. The leaf plates are very beautiful, bright green with veins and slight pubescence, with jagged edges.
The inflorescences are large, up to 30 cm in length, but thin, elongated in shape. Flowering begins in mid-summer and lasts 20 days.
The variety is very moisture-loving, therefore, open sunlight and drought adversely affect the growth and development of the crop.
The culture reaches 80-90 cm in height, has strong shoots and medium-sized leaf plates. The flowers are small, creamy white. They are collected in drooping inflorescences. The buds appear in late July and wither in August.
The variety is photophilous, undemanding to the soil, tolerates low temperatures well. Formed in Astilba white immunity to pests and diseases.
It is preferable to place white astilba near bodies of water and shrubs.
The use of astilba with white flowers in design
In the first year of life, culture does not have time to reach its final shapes and sizes. With young shrubs, it is recommended to plant crocuses and snowdrops, hazel grouses nearby.
Tenders, saxifrage or lamb should be placed close to adult plants.
If it is necessary to plant a white astilba near water bodies, then a hosta, lungwort or anemone will take root well next to it
It is also possible to plant a culture in pots, flowerpots, in order to create a decorative garden and avoid incompatibility between plants located nearby.
To plant a white astilba next to a rose, it is necessary to place the flower on the north side.
Important! White astilba is recognized as a multifaceted plant that can decorate any composition. It can be used as a basic background or included in the landscape design as an element of the garden.
If you plan to place white astilba in the garden, then it is recommended to allocate a place for it near shrubs such as spirea or barberry, hosta.
It is impossible to plant a plant under large trees: crops will compete with each other for nutrients and moisture.
Planting and caring for white astilba
Transplanting a seedling to the site is carried out in the spring. And although the plant is unpretentious, for its full development it is recommended to adhere to the basic principles of agricultural technology:
- plant according to the varietal characteristics of the plant;
- equip a drainage system in the pit, add complex fertilizers;
- the distance between tall white astilbees should be 50 cm, between undersized specimens - 30 cm.
The plant is very moisture-loving, so watering and mulching the soil must be carried out regularly. To ensure adequate nutrition during the period of flower development, top dressing should be applied to the soil from May to August. In total, white astilba is fertilized 3 times per season: during the flowering period - complex additives, organic fertilizing - for a safe overwintering, and the ground around the bush is sprinkled with ash for better flowering for the next year.
Diseases and pests
Varieties of white astilba, thanks to the efforts of breeders, have good immunity. But the high resistance to disease does not guarantee that the flower will not be affected by bacteria or fungus.
Most often, weakened shrubs that have not been provided with good care or competent planting are affected.
With mechanical damage to the roots, rot may appear, which often develops when the soil is waterlogged. If the root system is not completely damaged, then the use of disinfectants will help: Fundazol or Topaz.
With a spotted mosaic of leaf plates, shoots of white astilba are affected. The leaves gradually change color, curl and then deform.
There is no cure for the mosaic: the affected shrub is recommended to be destroyed in order to prevent the spread of the disease to neighboring plants
The appearance of black spots on the leaves of white astilba is very dangerous - this is a sign of bacterial spotting. For treatment, the affected parts of the plant are removed, the bush is treated with Bordeaux liquid.
White astilba is a very beautiful, unpretentious flower. It is used both to decorate the garden and lawns, as well as to create landscape compositions. White astilba is frost-hardy, has good immunity, and is a perennial.