Cherry Teremoshka bred for the center of the country, winter-hardy and fruitful. It is convenient to pick berries on a small and compact plant. The variety is popular because of its good resistance to common stone fruit diseases: moniliosis and coccomycosis.
Teremoshka is the result of the selection work of the employees of the fruit growing department of the All-Russian Research Institute of Lupin, which is located in Bryansk. M. V. Kanshina, A. A. Astakhov, L. I. Zueva worked on the new cherry. After field trials, the Teremoshka cherry variety has been included in the State Register since 2001.
Description of culture
The Teremoshka variety is recommended for cultivation in the Central region, now the sweet cherry has spread to the north-western and southern regions. The tree fell in love with gardeners with a compact, rounded and wide crown, the growth of which is restrained. The shoots of the Teremoshka cherry are large, spreading, leafy. Fruit branches are visible with rounded tops. Vegetative shoots are pointed towards the top. Elongated oval leaves of a dark green hue, the blade is serrated at the edges, the top is sharp. They sit on a long stalk of medium thickness.
Fruit ovaries of the Teremoshka variety are formed from three large flowers with a free arrangement of white petals. The cup with long stamens and pistil is shaped like a glass. On a short, medium-thick stalk, heart-shaped sweet cherries with a blunt, rounded top and a narrow funnel ripen. The size of the Teremoshka variety is homogeneous, 2.1 x 2.2 cm, weight - 5 g, sometimes reaching 6.6 g. The dark red skin is dense, but pleasant to eat. Juicy pulp is fleshy, also dark red in color. The secreted juice is of the same color.
A light brown oval stone weighs a quarter of a gram, which is 5% of the mass of Teremoshka berries. Easily separates from the pulp.
- In sweet berries, 17.5% of sugars and the same amount of dry matter are determined.
- The fruits contain only 0.38% acids.
- 100 g of cherry berries Teremoshka contains 14.5 mg of ascorbic acid.
- The tasters rated the dessert taste of this variety at 4.7 points.
Important! Cherry berries produce more sweetness under the sun.
According to its properties, the Teremoshka cherry variety is suitable for growing on personal plots or on farms in the middle climatic zone.
Drought resistance, frost resistance
The Teremoshka variety tolerates frosty winters moderately, which has been proven in field trials. The wood was damaged by only 2 points after prolonged periods with low temperatures -29… -34 ° C. The buds of the variety suffered by 40%, and after the spring frost at -5 ° C, up to 30% of the flowers died. Cherry Teremoshka survives brief droughts without consequences, but long periods of rainlessness affect the next year's harvest.
Pollination, pollinating varieties, flowering and ripening periods
Like all cherries, the Teremoshka variety is self-fertile. Other cherries for cross-pollination should be grown nearby or in an adjacent area, up to 2-3 trees. It is believed that the varieties that best cope with this role are:
- Bryansk pink.
In addition, cherries planted nearby that bloom in the same period have a positive effect on the fruiting of Teremoshka.
The Teremoshka variety blooms in medium terms, from May 10-15. The fruits ripen in 2 months, from the second decade of July.
Cherry trees Teremoshka bear fruit for 4–5 years. Up to 30% of ovaries are formed on bouquet branches. The main crop is formed on annual shoots and fruit twigs. 50–55 centners of berries are harvested per hectare of the Teremoshka variety, if all the requirements of agricultural technology are observed, the yield doubles. The berries are easy to pick, dry separation prevails. With improper abundant watering and during prolonged rainfall, a small permissible percentage of cracking is observed.
Scope of berries
The variety is universal. Dessert-type Teremoshka berries are a wonderful fresh delicacy that saturates the body with vitamins. They are also used for making various homemade products and drinks.
Disease and pest resistance
The cherry variety Teremoshka has good resistance to moniliosis and coccomycosis. To a moderate extent, trees are attacked by fungi that cause clasterosporium disease. Early spring preventive spraying is carried out against pests.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage of the Teremoshka cherry variety is the possibility of cultivation in relatively cold regions. Also note:
- compactness of the crown;
- winter hardiness;
- stable yield;
- high consumer qualities of fruits;
- resistance to major fungal diseases.
There are no pronounced shortcomings in the Teremoshka cherry variety, except for general species properties: self-infertility and susceptibility to attacks of insect pests.
Attention! Cherry varieties Teremoshka are not planted at the foot of the slopes.
For a good harvest, cherries must be properly planted.
In the climate of the middle lane, cherries are planted in spring, if the seedlings are with open roots. Plants in containers move throughout the warm season.
Choosing the right place
For the light-loving cherries Teremoshka choose a sunny place. In regions with cold winters, trees are placed 4–5 m from buildings, on the side of the southern wall.
Follow the rules:
- underground waters are not higher than 1.5 m;
- do not plant trees in lowlands with melt or rainwater;
- the best soils are sandy loams or loams with neutral acidity.
What crops can and cannot be planted next to cherries
Berry bushes, other cherries and sweet cherries are quite favorable neighbors for the Teremoshka variety, and tall trees oppress it. The distance between the holes is up to 4–5 m.
- Raspberries suffer from close proximity to cherries.
- Tomatoes or eggplants are not planted near cherries.
Selection and preparation of planting material
Buy Teremoshka saplings with well-developed buds, elastic roots. The trunk and branches are free of scratches and signs of disease.
Before planting, trees with open roots are placed in a clay mash with a growth stimulant solution. The containers are soaked in large containers, the earthen lump is removed and the protruding roots are straightened.
- Dig holes 60x60 cm in size, with the same depth.
- Having arranged the drainage, they fill in the nutrient soil with fertilizers, forming it in the pit with a small mound, and set the seedling.
- A garter peg is placed next to it.
- The root collar of Teremoshka sapling remains 5 cm above the soil.
- The pit is covered with earth, tamped, made sides and watered.
- A one-year-old seedling is cut at a height of 1 m for laying a crown. In 2-year-old seedlings, the growth is shortened by one third.
Warning! If the soil is heavy, the planting pit is made spacious so that there is enough space for drainage with a height of 10-15 cm, a mixture of sand and humus with garden soil.
Follow-up care of the culture
Cherry Teremoshka is pruned in March - April, before sap flow. Remove damaged and sterile branches by cutting into a ring, without hemp. When branches appear over the summer that are located low on the trunk, they are cut in August, as are the fast-growing young shoots.
They loosen the trunk circle, especially after watering, which is carried out every week at 20-30 liters per tree. It is important to irrigate the Teremoshka cherry in May - June. From the beginning of July, watering is stopped so that the fruits do not crack. Then watered in August and October.
- In April, the Teremoshka variety is fertilized with nitrogen fertilization.
- In summer - superphosphate and potassium sulfate.
- Humus is mulched before winter or early spring.
In autumn, the seedlings are wrapped in agrotextile and rodent netting. Snow is thrown to the trunk for insulation.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
Leaves, shoots and fruits with brown spots. Later on the leaves of the hole
Spraying with Bordeaux liquid, Horus fungicide
Harvesting leaves in autumn, pruning
Spots on leaves, fruits, ulcers on shoots and stalks
The affected parts are removed
Nitrogen fertilization, moderate watering
Spots on the leaves
Cleaning of leaves and fallen fruits
Soap / soda solution
Cherry pipe runner
Beetles feed on flowers, buds, ovary
Digging up the soil
Fruit with a hole
Digging up the soil, timely collection of berries
Cherry Teremoshka is cultivated more and more due to the yield and winter hardiness of the variety. Gardeners only need to worry about pollinators and shelter for seedlings for the winter. Simple tree care will bring sweet delicious fruits to the delight of the owners.
Andrey Vasilyevich Samburov, 53 years old, town. Vyritsa
The cottage is located in a quiet place. I decided to plant cherries, among them Teremoshka is the earliest for us. We have already harvested two crops. The tree is 7 years old, not tall, but the crown is abundant. Maybe it was the fertilizers that were put in the hole. A year later I feed it with humus, and in the fall I mulch horse droppings with humus. I still cover all the trees for the winter. There was frost damage to the kidneys, but rather minor. In the spring, cherries did not suffer from frosts, fumigation helped.
Alla Nikolaevna Babanina, 49 years old, town. Znamenka Oryol region
We have been growing the Teremoshka variety since 2010. Then a medium and late cherry orchard was laid. Teremoshka is not surprising with its yield, there are richer harvests. But it bears fruit regularly, the berries do not crack, they are well transported, they can be stored for some time. One of the most delicious varieties of excellent dessert type. We process the surplus harvest into compotes and confitures, which are also well sold. For the normal condition of trees, we systematically apply spraying.